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面向世界科技前沿,面向国家重大需求,面向国民经济主战场,率先实现科学技术跨越发展,率先建成国家创新人才高地,率先建成国家高水平科技智库,率先建设国际一流科研机构。

——九州体育banyuanfangzhen

九州体育 > 学者风采

坚守三尺讲台逾一甲子 醉心AI创新超40年

张钹:中国人工智能奠基者

2021-08-30 人民日报海外版 贺迎春 丁亦鑫
【字体:

yuyinbobao

zhangbojinying

zhangbo(zuoyi)zaishiyanshiyuboshishengtaolun。(1995nian)

zhangbo(you)yuzhanglingtaolunrengongzhinengxueshuwenti。(1992nian)

canyuqinghuadaxuezhinengjiqirenshiyanshijianshedekeyanrenyuanheying。zuoyiweizhangbo。(1985nian)

kexuejiajiyu

  dangqian,quanqiukejichuangxinjinrukongqianmijihuoyueqi,tebieshixinyidaixinxijishujiasutupoyingyong,tuidongxinyilunkejigeminghechanyebiangezhonggouquanqiuchuangxinbantu。rengongzhinengzuoweixinyidaixinxijishudezhanlvezhongdianzhiyi,jinnianlaihuodezhangzujinbu,jijingjishehuifazhanchanshenglezhongdaershenyuandeyingxiang。

  jinnianlai,zhongguozairengongzhinenglingyubiaoxianliangyan,yichengweishijierengongzhinengzhuyaochuangxinzhongxinzhiyi。genju《rengongzhinengfazhanbaogao2020》,zairengongzhinenggaocengcirencaishulianghezhuanlishenqingliangdengguanjianzhibiaoshang,zhongguoweijushijieqianlie。zheiliangyanbiaoxiandebeihoulibukaiyi九州体育yuanshizhangbodengweidaibiaodezhongguokexuejiazuochudedianjixing、kaichuangxinggongxian。

  zaozai40duonianqian,zhangbojiukaishitoushenrengongzhinenglingyuyanjiu,fabiaolezhongguodiyipianrengongzhinenglingyudexueshulunwen、huodezhongguozairengongzhinenglingyudediyigeguojizhongyaojiangxiang、lingxianchengliguoneishougezhinengjiqirenshiyanshi、peiyanglebentudiyiweirengongzhinenglingyuboshibiyesheng,zujianzhongguodiyigerengongzhinengguojiazhongdianshiyanshi……zheixie“diyi”shulilezhongguorengongzhinengfazhandeyigegelichengbei,tuidongzhongguozaicilingyudatabuqianjin。

  从不被看好到刮目相看

  中年成功转型研究人工智能

  jintian,“rengongzhineng”shirenmenershunengxiangdereci,danshizai40duonianqian,zhongguokejijieduigaicihuihaihenmosheng,kejilingyudezhuanyerenshiduigailingyuyezhizhishenshao。1978nian,yicongqinghuadaxuebiyeliuxiaorenjiao20niandezhangboyouyusuozaixidiaozhengergaibianzhuanyefangxiang,jinruyigequanxinyanjiulingyu——rengongzhineng。

  zhangboshinian43sui,zhongnianzhuanxingbujinzhishijiegoushangmianlinhendatiaozhan,erqieduirengongzhinenglingyuguoneizhizhishenshao,qiujiaowumen。zhangbohuiyishuo:“dangshiguoneikeyanrenyuanduirengongzhinenglingyufazhanderenshihenyouxian,shenzhixiangguanziliaoyefeichangshao。”dangshi,guojishangrengongzhinengyijingyouleyue20nianfazhanlicheng。suizheguomendakai,guojikejihezuoyujiaoliuxingqi,zhangbohuodeleyuguojitongxingjiaowangdejihui。

  1980nianchu,zhangbofumeifangxue。raner,didameiguohou,tajiuzaiyuwaiguotongxingjiaoliuzhonggandaoyizhongshuobuchudegangaheyumen。“nimenshicongzhongguolaide?zhidaoshenmeshirengongzhinengma?”youwaiguoyanjiuzhetichuzheiyangdewenti。zhangbohenshouciji,lizhirangzhongguozairengongzhinenglingyufenqizhizhui,yingtouganshangguojixianjinshuiping,yingdewaiguotongxingdezunjing。

  zaifangxueguochengzhong,zhangbolvxianfaxianshuxueyurengongzhinengjiehedeguangkuoqianjing。zhangboshuo:“dangshi,wojuederengongzhinengyaoshenrufazhanxiaqu,tigaosuanfaxiaolv,bixuyaohenhaoliyongshuxuezheigegongju。”yushi,taxuanzegenshuxuechushendangshishangzaianhuidaxuerenjiaodezhanglingjiaoshouhezuo,yiqituijinrengongzhinengyanjiu。

  youyukuaguodianhuazifeianggui,liangrenzhinengtongguoyoujishuxindefangshijinxinggoutong。duidangnianyuzhanglingzhongmeifeihong、hezuokeyandewangshi,zhangbojieshaoshuo:“dangshi,zhongmeijianyifenghangkongxindagaiyaorenminbi8jiaoqian,jijiduifangyue10tiancainengshoudao,yilaiyihuijiuyaoyue20tian。womenjisuanguo,yifengxinruguochaoguo5zhangzhi,jiuhuichaozhong,xuduofuyouzi。weileshengqian,womenteyitiaoxiangduibodezhi,xiefeichangxiaodezi。”

  jiuzheiyang,zhangbogenzhanglingkaishileyichangkuayuedayangderengongzhinenghezuoyanjiu。yue1nianhou,tamenlianshouwanchengleyipianrengongzhinenglingyudelunwen,shijishangzheiyeshizhongguokexuejiazairengongzhinenglingyudediyipianxueshulunwen,chenggongfabiaoyurengongzhinenglingyudingjiguojiqikan《ieeemoshifenxiyujiqizhinenghuikan》,yinqileguojitongxingdegaoduguanzhu,zheirangzhangbodengzhongguoxuerenpoweiyangmeituqi,yezengqiangletaweizhongguorengongzhinengfazhanzuochugengdagongxiandexinxinhejuexin。

  从少年郎到白发翁

  水木清华育人六十余载

  1982nianchu,zhangbojieshufangxuehuiguo,zheshoujinyibukaituorengongzhinengyanjiu。weilejiechanyejieduirengongzhinengjishudexuqiu,genghaocujinkejichengguozhuanhua,zhangboyuqitakeyanrenyuanyiqishenrucongxinandaodongbeidehenduogongchangdiaoyan,xingchenglejibenpanduan:jiqirenjianglaihuichengweiguoneiyixiangzhongdaxuqiu。

  genjushangshupanduan,zhangbolingxianzujianleqinghuadaxuezhinengjiqirenshiyanshibingzheshougouzhizhongyaoshiyanzhuangbei。weici,zhangboyutongshimenduofangbenzou、choucuojingfei,lianxiguoneiwaixiangguanchangjia,jinxingqiatanxieshang。zaiyouguanfangmiandedalixiezhuxia,qinghuadaxuezhinengjiqirenshiyanshichenggongtianzhilezhongguodiyitaijinkoujixiebei。

  jixiebeishigaojingdu、gaodufeixianxing、qiangouhedefuzaxitong,shirengongzhinengdegongyezhinenghuayingyongdedianxing。duiyuqinghuadaxuezhinengjiqirenshiyanshieryan,yinruzheikuanjixiebeiduiyukeyanhejiaoxuewuyijuyouzhongyaojiazhiheyiyi。zhangboduicifeichangqidaibingqingzhuledaliangxinxue。tahuiyishuo:“dangwozhidaojiqibeiyijingzhuangshangfeiji,zhengzaifeiwangbeijingshi,neizhongxingfenzhendenanyiyanbiao。” jixiebeiyundibeijinghou,zhangboqinzigenchedaojichang“yingjie”,zhidaobanyun、zhuangche、yundiqinghuayuan,tacaizhongyusongleyikouqi。

  jiuzhoutiyuzijidezhiyeshengya,zhangbocengzheiyanggaikuoshuo:“woyibeizijiuzuoleliangjianshi,yijianshidushu,lingyijianjiushizaiqinghuadaxuejiaoshuyuren。”

  congbiyeliuxiaozhijin,zhangbozaiqinghuadaxuedesanchijiangtaishangjianshoulechaoguoyijiazi。congbuman24suichudengjiangtaideqingsenianhuadaomaodiezhinian,takeweitaolimantianxia,weiguojiapeiyang、shusongyipigaokejizhuancai,youqishizairengongzhinenglingyu。jutongji,tapeiyangdeboshiyanjiushengjinjiushiming。

  wanshikaitounan。rengongzhinengzuoweidangshizhongguodexinxingxueke,keyanhejiaoxuedetiaojiandouhenjianku。zhangbojieshaoshuo,neishihou,suirantamendeyanjiuyijingyouleyidingjichu,danshiruanyingjiantiaojianyuguojitongxingxiangbi,chajuhenda,yanjiuziliaoyebuzu,tebieshizhuanye、quanweiziliaokuifa,gengduoshikaoziligengshengmosuo。zaineiyangdehuanjingxia,xiangliuzhuyouxiurencaizheshibuyi。mianduipaihuaizaichuguohuoliuxiaoduboshibingxiangtaqingjiaodexuesheng,zhangboyuzhongxinzhangdishuo:“guowaizhimingdaoshidekeyan、jiaoxueshuipingbiwogao,peiyangtiaojianyebiwozheilihao。nimenxuanzechuguoshenzaohekeyan,wofeichangzhichi。danshiruguonixuanzeliuxialai,wohuiquanxinquanyidipeiyangni,juebugufu。”feifuzhiyanganrenzhishen,yutajiaotandexueshengdabufenxuanzeleliuxialai,yutabingjianfenzhanzairengongzhinenglingyubingchengzhangweixingyedejiaojiaozhe。

  从一片空白到创新中心

  中国人工智能造福全人类

  lumanmanqixiuyuanxi,wujiangshangxiaerqiusuo。zhangbohezhitongdaohezhezhengshichaju、fengyujiancheng,yiluzhuiganzheguojirengongzhinengfazhanqianyan,qudelefengshuochengguo。

  1983nianshizhangborengongzhinengkeyandefengshounian。dangnian,guojirengongzhinengdahuizaideguozhaokai,zhangbohezhanglingyiqichengweilvxianzaiguojirengongzhinengdahuishangfabiaolunwendezhongguokexuejia。1984nian,tahezhanglingzhaideyixiangouzhourengongzhinengjiangxiang,chengweishoucihuodegailingyuguojizhongyaojiangxiangdezhongguoren。1985nian,talingxianchenglilezhongguoshougezhinengjiqirenshiyanshi。1987nian,tapeiyangdezhongguodiyiweirengongzhinenglingyudeboshishengbiye。1990nian,tahetongshiyiqichenglilequanguodiyigerengongzhinengguojiazhongdianshiyanshi——“zhinengjishuyuxitong”guojiazhongdianshiyanshi。1987-1994nian,zhangbochurenguojia“863jihua”jigaojishujihuazhinengjiqirenzhutizhuanjiazuzhuanjia,chengdanguojiazhongdiangongguanketi。2018nian,qinghuadaxuerengongzhinengyanjiuyuanchengli,zhangbochurenyanjiuyuanyuanzhang。

  zuoweizhongguorengongzhinengzhuyaodianjizhehefazhantuidongzhe,40duonianlai,zhangboshizhibuyuzhiliyuzhongguorengongzhinenglingyudechuangxin,fabiaohuogongtongfabiaoleshubaipianxueshulunwen,chubanxiliezhuanzhu。tahuodelezhuduojiangxiang,qizhongbaokuoiclouzhourengongzhinengjiang、guojiazirankexuesandengjiang、guojiakejijinbusandengjiang、guojiajiaoweikejijinbuyi、erdengjiang、dianzigongyebukejijinbuyidengjiangyijiguofangkegongweikejijinbuyidengjiang,tuidongzhongguorengongzhinengyanjiuhechanyexiangshijieyiliushuipingmaijin。xiangguanziliaoxianshi,zhongguozaituxiangshibie、yuyinshibiedengjishuchuangxinyingyongjinruleshijiexianjinxinglie,rengongzhinengfamingzhuanlishouquanzongliangquanqiupaimingdiyi,hexinchanyeguimochixuzengzhang。

  “zaidisandairengongzhinengfazhanshang,zhongguokexuejiajintianyuguojitongxingchuzaitongyiqipaoxianshang。womenyijingmosuochuzhongguorengongzhinengdefazhandaolu,zhengzaixiangxindekejigaofengjixupandeng,womenyounengliweizaofuguojiaheminzu、zaofuquanrenleizuochugengduo、gengdagongxian。”zhangbobiaoshi。

  suiyijing86suigaoling,danshizhangborengdanrenqinghuadaxuerengongzhinengyanjiuyuanmingyuyuanzhang,huoyuezaikeyanchuangxinlingyu。kejichuangxinyongwuzhijing,rengongzhinengjishufazhanyongyuanzailushang,shizhibuyi、chuangxinbuzhidekexuejiayongyuannianqing。zheishizhangbodexiezhao。

  (yuanzaiyu《renminribaohaiwaiban》 2021-08-30 09ban)

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  • © 1996 - 九州体育 版权所有 京ICP备05002857号-1 京公网安备110402500047号 网站标识码bm48000002

    dizhi:beijingshixichengqusanlihelu52hao youbian:100864

    dianhua: 86 10 68597114(zongji) 86 10 68597289(zongzhibanshi)

    bianjibuyouxiang:casweb@cashq.ac.cn

  • © 1996 - 九州体育 版权所有
    京ICP备05002857号-1
    京公网安备110402500047号
    网站标识码bm48000002

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