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九州体育 > 学者风采

屈建军:追沙30年 让敦煌鸣沙山“鸣”声再起

2021-08-31 中国青年报 王豪 马富春
【字体:

yuyinbobao

qujianjunzaishamolikekao。shoufangzhegongtu

mingshashanyueyaquan。shoufangzhegongtu

  wulunshi《datangxiyuji》lide“gekuzhisheng”,haishiqingdaishirenzhukunbixia“chuwenyinyinjidongdong,yuyinsiyugongshangpei”dexingxiangmiaoshu,gansudunhuangdemingshashan,jieyinsha“ming”xiangyushijie。

  《dunhuangxianzhi》zhongxiedao,“shalingqingming”wei“dunhuangbajing”zhiyi。mingshashengjing,yebeirenyuwei“tiandijiandeqixiang,ziranzhongdelezhang”。

  raner,zaishangshiji90niandaimo,xiangyuzhongwaidedunhuangmingshaqueyinsangshifashengjili,huran“ya”le。zheigeranghenduoyoukebaixingerguideqiaoranzhibian,yinfale九州体育xibeishengtaihuanjingziyuanyanjiuyuanyanjiuyuanqujianjundeguanzhu。zaitakanlai,“mingshabuming,dingyoushenkedekexuejiliyaotanjiu”。

  cihou,jin30nianli,qujianjunyizhibanfengerxing,zhuishaerwei,zaizuanyanfangshazhishajishudetongshi,xunzhaozhemingshashanbeihoudefashengjili。

  zhengshizheifenjianchi,rangmingshashanyouyanzouqile“churusizhuguanxian,jiruozhongqingheming,jinerjinguqi,hongmingbujueyuer”demeimiaolezhang。

  地理老师结缘鸣沙研究

  xiannian59suidequjianjunhaijidezijiyusha“jieyuan”deqiji。

  1985nian,congxibeidaxuebiyejin3niandetahaishishanxiyanglingyisuoshuilixuexiaodedililaoshi。dangnianshujia,tayi“buyaogongqianzhiguanchizhu”dehuibao,zaiyizhishamokekaoduilichengdanle“kangjiqi”de“kuchashi”。

  hekekaoduichaoxixiangchu,yiqigongzuo,dakailequjianjunrenshishamodeyishanchuang。yeshizheiyicikekao,rangqujianjunchedimishangleyushamoyouguandeyiqie。

  tazhijinjide,kekaodezuihouyizhanshishanxishengyulinshizhangchengyixianyibeidemaowusushamo。jieshugongzuohou,tazaishamolimanbu,xiyangdaguolai,shazijinguangshanshan,yiwangwuyin。neiyike,tajuexintoushenshamoyanjiushiye,jiekaiyinzangzaizheixieshenmiweizhiderenjihanzhizhidilidezhuduomiti。

  qujianjunxianshijixiangguanyanjiujigouxiexinbiaodalezijixiangqugongzuodexiangfa,tongshiyoubaokaoleyanjiusheng。3nianzhihou,tazhongyuruyuanyichangjiarule九州体育lanzhoushamoyanjiusuo(xian九州体育xibeishengtaihuanjingziyuanyanjiuyuandeqianshenzhiyi——jizhezhu)

  1989nian12yue,qujianjunkaishigensuilaoshidaodunhuangkaizhanzhishayanjiu。tongguobuduanjiance,buduanshiyan,tamenjiekailemogaokukuqudefengshayundongguilvheweihaifangshi。qijian,genjuyanjiufaxiandesanzufengxiang,zaimogaokukudinggebiquchujianlile“a”zixingzushazhalan,shichuixiangmogaokudeshaliangdadajianshao,bingrangyizuweizhu、gushujiehede“liudaiyiti”fengshaweihaifangzhitixidedaoletuiguangyingyong。

  “youyuguoquduishamoderenshi、duifengshayundongguilvdelijiebingbushenru,fangshazhisharengtingliuzai‘kaojingyan’‘mosuogan’decengci,henrongyishixiao。”qujianjunshuo,zhengshizheiyangdeshijianjingli,rangtayishidao“jieshikexueyuanli”dezhongyaoxing——zhiyaobazuijibendeyuanlizhuazhule,jiuzhaodaolezhihuihouxugongzuojinxingde“zongjiguan”。

  baozhezheiyangdekeyanjingshen,tayouduigaohandiquqingzangtielushahaixingchengjilijifangzhijishu、dongnanyanhaiguofangsheshiquhaianfengshaweihaizonghefanghutixi、jiduanganhanquwenhuaziranyichanhezhongdagongchengjianshefengshazaihaifangzhidengxiangmujinxinglexitongquanmiandeyanjiu。

  tabenrenxianhouhuode“quanguoyouxiukejigongzuozhe”、九州体育“keyuanmingjiang”dengrongyuchenghao,keyanchengguoyehuoguojiakejijinbuerdengjiang、guojiajishufamingjiangerdengjiang、guojiakejijinbuyidengjiang(jitijiang)、yijiduoxiangshengbujijiangyidengjiangdeng。

  xueshengweitashejideweixintouxiangjiushitarichanggongzuoheshenghuodexiezhao——chuanzhechongfengyi,shoushangqianzheyipiluotuo,benzouzaimangmangdehuangmogebizhijian,liangshuijiunangbingshitaguanchangdeshiwu,jingchanghaiyouyaoqilaigezhizuoxiangdeshazichengwei“diaoliao”hunruqizhong。fengchuirishaixia,tadepifubiandeyouheicucao,danlianshangqueyangyizheweixiao。

  与沙丘交友 破解鸣沙之谜

  danxingyundeshi,zaizheiyangkuzaodeyanjiushengyazhong,qujianjunzhaodaoleyigenengrangziji“kuzhongzuole”deyanjiufangxiang——pojiemingshazhimi。

  youkejuedemingshashan“mingbufushi”deyihanshicushiqujianjunkaishixiangguanyanjiude“yinzi”。yituowenhualvyouziyuanyoushi,dunhuanglvyouyebaofashizengzhang,raoyouquweidehuashaxiangmugengshishoudaoyoukerepeng。keyucitongshi,dangdishengtaishoudaopohuai,mingshashanyijinghennanzaifachu“ruge”“rulei”deshengyin,zheiyerangzaisha“ming”dangzhongdedaoweijiedequjianjungandaokexi。

  “yushaqiujiaoyou,cainengzhenzhengrenshishamo。”huiguzijidechuxin,qujianjunjuedingchouchuyibufenjingli,laipojie“mingshaweiheerming”deziranjiemiti。

  “kexuebujiushiweilejiekaizheixiemiti,zhaodaoqibeihoudeshishiheguilvma?”qujianjunshuo。

  cihoushushinian,“mingsha”bianchengweiqujianjunzuiweiganxingqudeketizhiyi。jinguanzheigeyanjiushiyibosanzhe。

  “kaishi,youhenduofanduideshengyin,lianwodelaoshidoujuedezheizhongyanjiuhaowuyiyi。”qujianjunlianxu3nianshenqingguojiazirankexuejijindoubeibohui,canyupingshendezhuanjiayizhirenwei,zheishiyigehenfuzadeyanjiu,shejishengxue、dilixue、qixiangxue、dizhixue、fengshawulixuedengyixiliexuekezhishi。shenzhihaiyourenfanwenta,“nibujuedezheiyangdemitimeibeijiekai,xiandegengjialangmanma?”

  renzhunlejiubutuique,qujianjunhaishixiangzuo。weici,takaishizuoyanjiuchubei,lejiemingshayanjiudekexuejinzhan。tafaxian,“mingsha”yanjiuzaiguojishanghenhuo,riben、meiguokexuejiayiyoudaliangjilei。beiyuweifengshawulixuededianjirenbaigenuozaizijideshiyanshilichangnianbaifangzhelianggepingzi:yigezhuangzheboliqiu,lingyigezhuangzhemingsha,jiushiweiletanjiumingshadejili。yihandeshi,baigenuoyizhimeiyoujiedachushaziweihefasheng。

  zhongguogudaiwenxianduimingshayeyoujizai——zaidonghande《sanqinzhi》zhong,jiujizailedunhuangmingshaxianxiang。zhongguoshiquanshijieyouguanmingshajizaizuizaodeguojia,kezaixiangguanyanjiushangquehanyoufasheng。

  yixiezhujianliuchuandemingshashan“mingbufushi”deyanlun,yechengweiqujianjunjuexintoushenmingshayanjiudedongli。

  genjuzhuanjiapingshendeyijian,qujianjunyicicixiudingwanshanshenbaocailiao,zhongyuzaidisicishenbaohou,huodeleguojiaziranjijindelixiangzizhu。

  yiciourandejihui,qujianjuntingwen,neimenggubadanjilinshamoyouyizuweibeipohuaidemingshaqunshi,talimajiugandaoshamosuozaidealashanyouqi。qujianjunxiangdangdilvyoujuzixun,duifangqueba“mingsha”tingchengle“mingsha”,bingrexindigaosuta,“suoyoumeizhangcaodeshazidoujiaomingsha”。

  qiuzhuwuguo,qujianjunzhihaoyidianeryidianerdizhao,yigepoyigepodipa,zhongyuzhaodaoleneikuaiershenqidedifang。

  suihou,qujianjungenjushazidelidujinxinglefenxuan,jiangxiangde、buxiangdefenmenbielei,zainadaoshiyanshiyongxianweijingaigeguancha。“duokong(keng)zhuangjiegou”kenengshimingshafashengdeguanjiansuozai,zaishaixuanledaliangshazihou,qujianjunyouletupoxingdejinzhan。

  dantawufaquedingzijidejielun,bianxiangzheyongzhuyaochengfenheshaziyiyangdoushieryanghuaguideboliqiuzuoyiciduibishiyan。

  tazhaodaoyanjiuyuanyiweihuaxuefangmiandezhuanjia,xiangduifangqingjiao,shenmedongxinengrangboliqiubiaomianchuxiankongdong,neiweizhuanjiagaosutashiqingfusuan——zheishiyizhongjuyoujiqiangfushixingdeyeti。

  qujianjunxiangbanfazhaolaileyipingqingfusuan。meiyouzhuanyedeshiyanhuanjing,tabianzaisushedechuanghuwaibianfangleyigezhuangyouboliqiudesuliaobeizi,daoshangqingfusuan。liangzhongwuzhixianghuzuoyong,weidaocibi,qujianjunlianmangguandiaolezijidechuanghu。

  bencishiyanyinzhenglequjianjundecaixiang——boliqiubiaomianchengduokong(keng)zhuangjiegouhouyejubeilefashengdexianjuetiaojian。

  jiyuzhenmidekexueyanjiu,qujianjuntichu,shaqiuziranshalibiaomianyoufengshi、shuishi、huaxuerongshijiguiningjiaochendiandengduozhongyinsuxingchengduokong(keng)zhuangjiegousuogouchengdegongmingqiang,caishimingshafashengdeguanjiansuozai。

  zheiyijielunyijingmianshijiuyinqileguojixueshujiedezhongshi,1992nian,yanjiufentigongxuederibenxuezhesanlunmaoxiongweicizhuanchenggandaozhongguo,weiqujianjunsonglaiyipinglaiziribendemingsha,binghetayouquleyicibadanjilinshamo。

  raner,zheiyicikekao,rangqujianjunliuxialezhongshengdebingtong。zaicheliangkaijinshamofudihou,sijiyinweiqianque“shaqiudeyingfengposhihuanpo、beifengposhidoupo”dezhishi,jiangcheziyitoukaijinleshadili,zuozaizuoyizhongjian、meiyouxianquandaidequjianjunchadianbeizhuangdemeiqile。

  “sangzibianchenglezhenkongdedidai。”qujianjunshuo,chehuoxianchanglilizaimu。zhidaodangdiyiweimuminqizhangyongbangxiaohaizizabeidefangshiduitajinxingjijiuhou,tacaijiangyikouqitulechuqu。rujin,tawanshangshuijue,haiyaodaishanghuxiji,yiyingduibushichuxiandebunengzizhuhuxideqingkuang。

  haiyouyicizaiyuyeganfushapotoudetuzhong,tachengzuode“qienuoji”zhuangshangleyilianglameide“kangmingsi”,daozhitayoubeiguzhe,zhuangshanggangban,tayouduoleyige“gangtieren”dechenghao。

  “youfendoujiuyouxisheng。”meiyudaokunnan,qujianjunchangyongzheijuhuamianliziji,rucinianfuyinian,tadoujianchixialai。yidaijiankuanzhongbuhui,zheixienianlai,qujianjunyin“mingsha”yanjiuerqiaocui,quehuanlaile“mingsha”yanjiudebuduantupo,bingyinyanjiujieguoduixibeiduogeshamojingqudailaidezhengxiangxiaoyingdenghuodedibajiezhongguochuangxinchuangyedasaishachanyedasaierdengjiang。

  鸣沙山“鸣”声再起

  tanjiumingshadeshalijiegou,tansuoyuhaimuhuozigongmingqiangxiangsidemingshagongmingjizhi,yanjiufenchenduimingshafashengjuyouzunizuoyongdaozhimingshagongmingjizhisangshibianweiyashadeyuanli,daozuihoutichuqingchushiyingshalibiaomiangezhongxixiaozazhi(gaibuzhouzhuanyemingchengwei“xisha”——jizhezhu)duiduokongjiegoudewuranshihuifuyashafashengdeyouxiaotujing,qujianjundeyanjiuyibubuconglilunzouxiangxianshi。

  buduandeshiyan,shirang“mingsha”yanjiujingdeqikaoyandezhuyaoyuanyin。qujianjunjuli,weile“xisha”jishunengzaiduodideyifuzhiyingyong。tazhishaojinxingleshubaicideshiyan。shijianzuizhangdeyici,tazaishiyanshilidaile20duotian,jiangshazifangzaizhendangjili,meigejixiaoshiquchuyibufen,yongxianweijingzuoguanchaduibi,zhidaoshazide“mingsheng”zhujianqingliangqilai。

  “neiyishunjian,woxinlidechengjiuganheqingzangtieluyinweiwomentuanduijichulaidezhishajishufanganshunlitongchehoudechengjiuganshiyiyangduode。”qujianjunshuo。

  “ming”shayanjiuchengjichuxian,danqujianjunbingweizhibuyuci。benzhe“kexueweirenleifuwu”dechuxin,tayouxiangdunhuangshiyouguanfangmianjianyi,duixinfaxianmingshalvyouziyuanjingdianjinxingxitongquanmiandekexuebaohu。

  qujianjunjianyi,jianglvyouqutongyiguihua,duopijichucaishachang,fensanrenliu,quedingluncaihezhouqixingfengyudelvyoufangshi,shimingshadedaoyidingdezishenhuifu,barenweiyingxiangjiangdaozuidixiandu,shixianzirande“jingsufengchui,zhefurujiu”。

  tongshi,jijijianlidunhuangmingshaertongleyuanhekepujidi,kaifadunhuangmingshalvyoushangpin,rangyoukezaiganshoudunhuangmingshashenqiziranxianxiangdetongshi,qinjindaziran,chanshengduikexuedenonghouxingqu。

  jinxienianlai,zaigefangnulixia,mingshashandezhuangkuangzaimingxiangaiguan。muqian,tongguofengyudengyixiliejucuo,dunhuangshimingshashandebufenshashanshalidedaoletaoxi,shalibiaomianbeijinghua,shalijingguocaiyakehuifuwangride“mingjiao”,qiexingchenglehanjiandemingshaqun,yuandaoerlaideyouke,keyilinglvemingshashandedutejingguan。

  qujianjundemingshayanjiuchengguoyezaigedikaihua。zaitongyangyoumingshajingguandeningxiashapotou,qujianjuntongguotuiguangzijidexishajishu,dajianleyichu“mingsha”jingqu,rangcanyuleyidangqinzileidianshijiemudejiabinliuxiashenkeyinxiang,yeweidianshijiqiandeguanzhongzuoleyicikepu。

  qiyujichuzaiwoguoyoujizaidemingshadi,biru,neimengguzizhiqudalateqideyinkenxiangshawan、xinjiangweiwuerzizhiqubalikunhasakezizhixiandemingshashan、xinjiangweiwuerzizhiqumuleihasakezizhixiandewufengmingshashanqun、beijingmingsha、sanyamingshayezhujianbeinaruqujianjundeyanjiufanchou。

  jinqi,qujianjunjiuzaihainanfaxianle3chu“haiyangmingsha”。tajuedezheifeichangzhongyao——zaiyidingchengdushang,youliyushanshuilintianhucaoshadegongzhiyijirenyuziranhexiedegongsheng。

  “wodeyanjiucaiganggangqibu。”qujianjunshuo,xingzouzaizheitiao“shachenfeiyang”dekeyandaolushang,tachangchangyongzheijuhualaimianliziji——wowangbujianshanding,zhizhidaoyoushanding,raner,wohaishiyaopandeng。

(yuanzaiyu《zhongguoqingnianbao》 2021-08-31 12ban)

打印 责任编辑:阎芳

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  • © 1996 - 九州体育 版权所有 京ICP备05002857号-1 京公网安备110402500047号 网站标识码bm48000002

    dizhi:beijingshixichengqusanlihelu52hao youbian:100864

    dianhua: 86 10 68597114(zongji) 86 10 68597289(zongzhibanshi)

    bianjibuyouxiang:casweb@cashq.ac.cn

  • © 1996 - 九州体育 版权所有
    京ICP备05002857号-1
    京公网安备110402500047号
    网站标识码bm48000002

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